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Azuchi Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Azuchi Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kojō ezu(picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of a castle picture in the Edo period is "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Azuchi Castle Ruins

LocationŌmihachiman City, Shiga Prefecture
Also known as
Type of castleMountaintop
Mountain's name
Elevation
ConditionRuins 
Year built1576
Abolished1585
Castle lordOda Nobunaga
Refurbishment lordToyotomi Hideyoshi
Picture of Azuchi Castle from Wikipedia
Portrait of Oda Nobunaga from Wikipedia
Family Crest of Oda Clan from "Bukan Complete Works" (produced by CODH) adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection)

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.
Portrait of Rois Frois from BUSHOO!JAPAN
Portuguese missionary died in Nagasaki, Japan

He befriended Oda Nobunaga and stayed in his personal residence in Azuchi Castle while writing books for a short while and famous for writing "Japanese History" , which is a valuable source of research on the Sengoku Warlord Period.
Luis Flois Monument in Nishizaka Park, Nagasaki City,Nagasaki Prefecture, next to the Japan 26th Saints Memorial Museum from Wikipedia

Azuchi Castle admission

admission fee : 700yen (Adult) 200yen (under high school students)
admission time : am8:30-pm5
closing period : open everyday  ※bad weather, etc. may be suspended reference official site

Azuchi Castle Google Map

Azuchi Castle Images 

Azuchi Castle is said to have set up the first main keep in Japan. It became an example of a castle all over this country. By the way, although it is usually that main keep is not a residential facility, it seems that Nobunaga actually lived on there. When the castle was built, the eastern, northern and western sides face Lake Biwa, and the southern side is a swampy land. Geographically, it is closer to Kyōto than Gifu Castle and is a key point connecting Hokuriku Kaidō and Kyōto, This land was chosen as a base for Nobunaga aiming for world unification since water transportation of Lake Biwa are also available.

It is a hilltop style castle that uses the whole Mt.Azuchi . Main keep is five level-seven floor, it seems that the height was about 46 m. It stands at the top of Mt. Azuchi, about 100 meters from the foot of the mountain, and has no obstructions around it. Moreover it was near the lake shore when the castle was built, it must have been a spectacular view.

The roof was tiled and the eaves tiles were gold leafed. The top layer is decorated with gold leaf inside and outside, and the layer below is octagonal. The shape and interior were decorated with black lacquer painting and gorgeous barrier paintings. It's magnificence was passed down to Europe.
the Ōte-michi (Major Road)

Road from Otemon to the top of the castle tower, Honmaru A stone stair with a width of about 6m extends linearly over 180m,
There is a gutter of stone paving on both sides and a stone base outside (reconstruction)
It is said that the residences of Hideyoshi Hashiba and Ieyasu Tokugawa were on the left and right of the road.
The stone walls of main keep basic (Tenshudai) are unequal sides and heptagon. The foundation of stones are arranged in 10 rows east-west and 10 rows north-south.
Azuchi Castle was also the beginning of the castle with all stone walls.
The stone walls were piled up by "Anou-shu" , a skill group. Thereafter, the craftman group became involved in contracting castles nationwide. As for the stone wall surrounding the main parts of main keep, Honmaru, Ninomaru and Sannomaru, the techniques adopted by modern castles have already been adopted at this time.
It has many highlights, such as being bent so that it can be attacked with arrows from the side.
Nioumon Gate of Souken-ji Temple

All Mt. Azuchi is said to be private land of this temple. "Wooden Statue of King, which is about 2m high, is housed on both sides. This statue is designated as an Important Cultural Property along with Nioumon Gate.

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