Gifu Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Gifu Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kōjōezu (picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of castle picture in the Edo period exists, "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Gifu Castle Ruins

LocationGifu City, Gifu Prefecture
Also known asKinkazan Castle, Inabayama Castle
Type of castleMountaintop
Mountain's nameMt.Kinkazan
ConditionReconstructed main keep
DesignationCity Historic Sites
Year built1201
Castle lordNikaidō Yukimasa
Refurbishment lordOda Nobunaga
Portrait of Oda Nobunaga from Wikipedia

The stamp used by Oda Nobunaga

Document with red stamp was issued mainly by Sengoku daimyō, feudal lords and generals during the Sengoku Warlord Period to the Edo period.
He used it containing four characters of "Ten-ka-fu-bu"(天-下-布-武) for important documents such as diplomatic documents. It is said that this meanings contains his wish of determination to create a peaceful world without war in four letters "天下布武".
Luis Frois (1532-1597)
Portuguese missionary died in Nagasaki, Japan
Luis Flois Monument in Nishizaka Park, Nagasaki City next to the Japan 26th Saints Memorial Museum

He befriended Oda Nobunaga and stayed in his personal residence in Gifu Castle while writing books for a short while and famous for writing "Japanese History" , which is a valuable source of research on the Sengoku Warlord Period.

Gifu Castle admission

admission fee : 200yen (over age16) 100yen (age4~15) ※Special discounts on entrance fees and armor dressing experience is available ( ↓ refer to below)
admission time :
(March 16-May 11) : am9:30-pm5:30
(May 12-October 16) : am8:30-pm5:30
(October 17-March 15) : am9:30-pm4:30
January 1 : am6:30-pm4:30
closing period : open everyday reference official site

Gifu Castle Google Map

Gifu Castle Images   

After the chaos in the early days of the Sengoku Warlord Period, the castle owner moved to Saitō Dōsan and was renovated as mountaintop style castle.

However, more emphasis was placed on the landscape and livability than for defense and fortification. Although it is a castle, it is hard to attack, but it has been actually attacked seven times in history.

Oda Nobunaga moved his headquarters to Inabayama Castle in 1567 and later renamed Gifu Castle. At that time, Portuguese Missionary Louis Frois, who was by the side of Nobunaga, wrote a detailed account of the beauty of Gifu Castle in his book, "The History of Japan".

According to this interesting writing, it is said that gold leaf was stuck on the first floor of the Ōzashiki,(a wide saloon), "Ō-oku"(Shōgun's Halem) on the second floor of the main keep, a quiet tea room on the third floor, and an observation deck on the fourth floor on the top floor.
Originally known as Inabayama Castle, it is not well known when the castle was built or who built it. What is certain is that during the Warring States period, Saitō Dōsan improved it and castle towns. Saitō Clan later became a castle for three generations, but was destroyed by Oda Nobunaga finally.
It has almost no flat space at the top of the main keep, and the well is also for storing rainwater, It is not suitable for long-term battles anyway. Mt.Inabayama itself has become a natural fortress, but it is basically a castle that is not suitable for defense.
Stone wall in main keep

Stone wall with natural stone was rebuilt in the Nobunaga era. It have been devised so as not to burden them for preservation.
Nagara River

It is said to be one of Japan's three largest clear streams along with the Kakita and Shimanto Rivers.
the famous "Fireworks Festival on Nagara River" in Summer

Click here for Nagara River and more fun attractions.

Link : A castle closely related to [block]4[/block]

【central japan】Nagashino Castle 【west japan】Odani Castle 【west japan】Azuchi castle 【central japan】Gifu castle


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