westjapan Tsuyama Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography
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"Kojō ezu" (picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館 Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed. Another typical example of a castle picture in the Edo period is "Shōhō Shiroezu", which the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river. Profile : Tsuyama Castle Ruins
Location Tsuyama City, Okayama Prefecture Also known as Kakuzan Castle Type of castle Hilltop（center of Tsuyama Basin) Mountain's name ー Elevation ー Condition No main keep but other buildings Designation National Historic Sites Year built 1441-1444 Abolished 1873 Castle lord Yamana Tadamasa Refurbishment lord Mori Tadamasa
Family Crest of Mori Clan from "Bukan Complete Works" (produced by CODH) adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection) The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much. Tsuyama Castle admission
admission fee : 300yen(Adult) free : under junior high school students
admission time : (April 1-September 30) : am8:40-pm7 (October 1- March 31) : am8:40-pm5 (Cherry blossoms Festival ) : am7:30-pm10 closing period : December 29-31 reference official site Tsuyama Castle Google Map
Tsuyama Castle Images
One of Japan's Three Great Hilltop-style Castles Tsuyama Castle is built by Mori Tadamasa on Mt.Tsuruyama, and he is the younger brother of Mori Ranmaru who died with Oda Nobunaga in the ”Incarnation of Honnōji Temple". The building was demolished by the abolition of the castle in the Meiji era, but the magnificent stone walls that extend 45 meters from the ground have left a remnant of those days. The Bicchū Yagura on the southeast side of Honmaru has been restored by wood as a commemorative project for the 400-year-old castle, and has been open to the public since spring 2005.
The castle gate is in the shape of square (the masu-gata), providing a strong defense. This is evident from the fact that it is necessary to pass through five gates in order to travel a straight line from Sannomaru to Honmaru on the Ōte-michi(the main street), which is approximately 150 meters.
Currently, it is a famous spot for cherry blossoms as Kakuzan Park, and it has been selected as one of the top 100 cherry blossom spots in Japan.
Ruins of main keep base In the past, 77 Yaguras lined up, which surpassed 76 Hiroshima Castle and 61 Himeji Castle. Link : Japanese three most great hilltop castle
【west japan】 Himeji Castle 【west japan】Tsuyama Castle Matsuyama Castle
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