Yonezawa Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Yonezawa Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kojō ezu(picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of a castle picture in the Edo period is "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Yonezawa Castle Ruins

LocationYonezawa City, Yamagata Prefecture
Also known asMaizuru Castle, Matsugasaki Castle
Type of castleFlatland
Mountain's name
ConditionNo main keep but other buildings
Year builtabout 1238
Castle lordNagai Tokihiro
Refurbishment lordDate Harumune
Portrait of Uesugi kenshin from Wikipedia
Portrait of Date Harumune from Wikipedia
Portrait of Date Masamune from Wikipedia
Portrait of Uesugi Kagekatsu from Wikipedia
Family Crest of Date Clan from "Bukan Complete Works" (produced by CODH) adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection)

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.

Yonezawa Castle admission

admission fee : free ※Matsugasaki Park
admission time : free
closing period : open everyday   reference official site

Yonezawa Castle Google Map

Yonezawa Castle Images 

"The strongest gods of Bishamonten and FudōMyouō are allies"

Yonezawa District was ruled by Nagai Clan who built a castle from the Kamakura period, but eventually came under the control of Date Clan. They moved to Yonezawa in 1548, and Date Masamune was later born in this castle. Masamune moved to Iwadeyama Castle at the order of Toyotomi Hideyoshi in 1591. Yonezawa Castle was renovated by Gamō Clan and became a castle of Naoe Kanetsugu , who was the chief retainer of Uesugi family in 1598. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Kanetsugu carried out a large-scale expansion work as an early modern castle in 1608.

There are two large and prominent military flags at Maizuru-bashi Bridge, which is located on the approach to Uesugi Shrine. The letters "毘" (right side) and "龍" (left side) are written on the flag. These two letters each have a story about Uesugi Kenshin. The “毘” flag refers to the war god, Bishamonten, and the heart of Kenshin who had a deep faith in Bishamonten appeared. The word "龍" is written in broken letters. This is said to be the flag that was raised when making a total attack with all units, and it seems that raising this flag was the signal of the assault. It is said that Kenshin, who had a deep faith in Buddhism, put his soul and god in the flag by raising the flag of "龍".
Uesugi Shrine

Built on the ruins of the Oku-goten of Honmaru of this Castle, where Uesugi Kenshin, the ancestor of Yonezawa, said to be one of the strongest Sengoku warlords. is enshrined. It is a very popular place as a power spot where you can get the power of Kenshin.
Statue of Uesugi kenshin

Uesugi Kagekatsu was adopted by Uesugi Kenshin, and after the death of Kenshin, who had no children, he succeeded to the inheritance of the Uesugi family and became the owner of the family as the successor to Kenshin. Naoe Kanetsugu is renowned as the close servant who supported Kagekatsu as the master.
Hishimon-bashi Bridge

A bright vermilion bridge over the south moat of the Honmaru site. During the Edo period, this bridge was the south entrance to the palace where the feudal lord of Honmaru had lived, and the traffic was strictly controlled (from signboard).
Statue of Uesugi Yōzan

The ninth lord of the Yonezawa Clan. Known as one of the best names in the Edo period, the wise man who was honored by the Tokugawa shogunate as a model after that time. In today's world, it is a pride of our country to be highly evaluated over time, with the topic of being named as a Japanese respected by well-known overseas politicians (※). The Yonezawa Clan faced a number of challenges, including accumulated debt, distress of the vassals and disorder of order, and the devastation of rural areas and population decline due to natural disasters and excessive tax burden.
(※)⇒ Caroline Kennedy, the eldest daughter of John F. Kennedy and former U.S. ambassador to Japan, visited Yonezawa City in September 2014 at the request of Yamagata Prefecture and the City. In her speech, she introduced an episode in which her father, Kennedy, highly praised Uesugi Yōzan (From wikipedia)
Matsugasaki Park is very famous as a cherry blossom spot, and it is a popular cherry blossom spot in Yamagata Prefecture, and many visitors come during the cherry blossom season. In the moat of "Matsugasaki Park , about 200 cherry trees are in full bloom, and they are reflected on the surface of the water, creating a very beautiful landscape.
"The Uesugi Snow Lantern Festival"
A festival that can be said to symbolize Uesugi Shrine every February, which is held in the area of ​​Matsugasaki Park. Approximately 300 snow lanterns, called 'yuki-dourou', and approximately 1000 snow lanterns,called "yuki-bonbori", lit around the venue of Matsugasaki Park. It is a popular event that many spectators visit, where you can see the fantastic snow scene and the lights that go with it.
Yonezawa City Uesugi Museum

Thousands of valuable items and national treasures related to Uesugi family are stored.
reference ⇒ official site

Link-1 : A castle closely related to Uesugi Kenshin

【north japan】Kasugayama Castle 【north japan】Nanao Castle 【east japan】Odawara Castle 【north japan】Yonezawa Castle

Link-2 : A castle closely related to Date Masamune

【north japan】Sendai Castle 【north japan】Shiroishi Castle 【north japan】Yonezawa Castle


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