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Bicchūmatsuyama Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Bicchūmatsuyama Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kojō ezu( picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of a castle picture in the Edo period is "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Bicchūmatsuyama Castle Ruins

LocationTakahashi City, Okayama Prefecture
Also known asTakahashi Castle
Type of castleMountaintop
Mountain's nameMt.Gagyū (Mt.Komatsu)
Elevation430m 
Conditionoriginal main keep
DesignationNational Important Cultural Properties
Year built1240
Abolished1874
Castle lordAkiba Shigenobu
Refurbishment lordMizunoya Clan
Portrait of Mizunoya Katsutaka from Wikipedia
Family Crest of Mizunoya Clan from "Wikipedia"

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.

Bicchūmatsuyama Castle admission

admission fee : 500yen(Adult) 200yen(under Junior high school students)  ※discount is available, pls reffer to below ↓↓
admission time :
(April 1-September 30) : am9-pm5:30
(October 1-March 31) : am9-pm4:30
closing period : December 29 - January 3) reference official site (japanese)

Bicchūmatsuyama Castle Google Map

Bicchūmatsuyama Castle Images 

Honmaru from Ninomaru ruins

From the left, there are "Rokunohira Yagura" , "Minami Gomon", "Gonohira Yagura", and main keep. The castle tower has double structure-second floor, decorated with bay windows and a slightly larger gable. there is a long hearth made of slate inside. The mountaintop castle that has a main keep still exist is the only one in Japan, designated as National Important Cultural Property.
The main keep, which stands on the summit of Mt.Komatsu at an altitude of 430m, is located at the highest point in Japan. It originated in Akiba Shigenobu, who was a landowner during the Kamakura period, and built a castle on Mt.Ōmatsu. It was rebuilt in three years by Mizunoya Katsumune. You can enjoy the fresh greenery in spring, the blue sky in summer, the autumn leaves, the snowy landscape in winter, in each season. There are many highlights on the way to the castle, such as Yagura and solid stone walls.
Mt.Gagyū is named after the view of the mountain from the south, which looks like an old cow lying down on the grass.
Tall stone wall built on bedrock ,"Takaishigaki", located in the north side of the Ōtemon Gate. A strong interception defense system is laid around there.
Even today, the only way to get to Honmaru is still on foot, and the stone walls seen on that journey are of a large scale not found in other mountaintop style castles. This is the one and only castle that mountaintop fans and "Ishigaki" fans can't help but want to visit once.
It is also famous as one of Japan's three major mountaintop castles, and is known as the “floating castle in the sky” because of its fantastic appearance floating in the sea of ​​clouds in autumn.

Link-1 : Japanese three most great mountaintop castle

【central japan】Iwamura Castle 【west japan】Takatori Castle  【west japan】Bicchūmatsuyama Castle

Link-2 : Original main Keep

【west japan】Marugame Castle 【west japan】Matsue Castle 【west japan】Himeji Castle 【west japan】Hikone Castle 【central japan】Inuyama Castle 【central japan】Matsumoto Castle 【central japan】Maruoka Castle 【north japan】Hirosaki Castle 【west japan】Kōchi Castle 【west japan】Uwajima Castle 【west japan】Matsuyama Castle 【west japan】Bicchūmatsuyama Castle

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