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Yoshida-kōriyama Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

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"Kōjōezu (picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of castle picture in the Edo period exists, "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Yoshida-kōriyama Castle Ruins

LocationAkitakada City, Hiroshima Prefecture
Also known as
Type of castleMountaintop
Mountain's nameMt.Kōriyama
Elevation390m 
ConditionRuins 
DesignationNational Historic Sites
Year builtunknown
Abolished1591
Castle lordMōri Clan
Refurbishment lordMōri Motonari, Mōri Terumoto
Portrait of Mōri Motonari from Wikipedia
Family Crest from "Bukan Complete Works" (produced by CODH)
adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection)

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.

Yoshida-kōriyama Castle admission

admission fee : free  ※Guide tour (charged) is available (reservations must be made at least one week in advance)
admission time : free
closing period : reference official site 

Yoshida-kōriyama Castle Google Map

Yoshida-kōriyama Castle Images 

The origin of this castle is not certain, but it is said that Mōri Tokichika, the landowner of this area, built it in 1336. After that, the castle was expanded and strengthened in the era of Mōri Motonari, and is inherited as the main castle of Mōri Clan until Hiroshima Castle was built by Mōri Terumoto, his grandson.
Ruins of Honmaru

The castle's Honmaru was located at the top of Mt.Kōriyama at an altitude of 400m, and was the strongest defense mountaintop style castle with 270 Kuruwas arranged throughout the mountain. Some wall stone, fences and wells remain even today. It is said that Motonari lived in Honmaru on the summit, and influential vassals set up a residence in the castle. It served as a typical base castle, but became abandoned with the completion of Hiroshima Castle.
Ruins of Ninomaru
Ruins of Sannomaru

The largest Kuruwa in the castle. The west side of entrance has a staircase built into the stone wall and has an ”Inner masu shape”, which is a modern castle-like structure. It forms a small square space inside the entrande of Kuruwa and sets up a second gate, so enemies entering here will be surrounded from three directions to intercept.
Stone wall in Sannomaru

The ”Ishigaki" inside Kōriyama Castle was destroyed in the Edo period, but a part of the castle remains when it was built.
Ruins of trench
Ruins of stone wall
Ruins of well
「百万一心」means " Let's get together and overcome the difficulties"

When the construction of stone wall with Honmaru was difficult during the reconstruction of this castle, the stone engraved with this phrase was buried in the "Hime no Maru" on the back of the Honmaru instead of a human sacrifice at Motonari's order. After then, it is said that the constraction has been completed successfully.
Ruins of Mangan-ji Temple

It is said that it was established on mid 8th century, long before Mōri Clan entered this castle. Located in the southwest of Sannomaru, two lotus ponds remain to the east and west to the north of the precincts (from signboard)

Link : The Impregnable Castle

【east japan】Odawara Castle 【east japan】Edo castle 【east japan】Hachigata Castle 【central japan】Chihaya castle 【west japan】Ōsaka Castle 【south japan】Kumamoto Castle 【west japan】Yoshida-Kōriyama Castle

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