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Tsuwano Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Tsuwano Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kojō ezu(picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of castle picture in the Edo period exists, "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Tsuwano Castle Ruins

LocationTsuwano-Cho, Kanoashi District, Shimane Prefecture
Also known asIpponmatsu Castle, Sanbonmatsu Castle
Type of castleMountaintop
Mountain's nameMt.Reiki
Elevation347.5m 
ConditionRuins 
DesignationNational Historic Sites
Year built1295
Abolished1871
Castle lordYoshimi Yoriyuki
Refurbishment lordSakazaki Naomori
Portrait of Sakazaki Naomori from Wikipedia

Sakazaki Naomori is known to have helped Tokugawa Ieyasu's grandson, Senhime. However, for this reason, Naomori appealed Senhime to marry to her, but was rejected, and was killed in an attempt to disrupt the marriage of Senhime to another instead. This is the famous "Senhime case".
Family Crest of Kamei clan from "Bukan Complete Works" (produced by CODH)
adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection)

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.

Tsuwano Castle admission

admission fee : lift running to the summit is available (am9-pm4:30) reference official site (japanese)
400yen (one way) / 700yen (round trip) ※above junior high school students
300yen (one way) / 500yen (round trip) ※under elementary school students                       
note : Saturday, Sunday and National holidays is available (Dec 1- Febrary 28) also temporary closure

Tsuwano Castle Google Map

Tsuwano Castle Images 

Sannomaru seen from the ”Hitojichi Yaguradai"

In the middle of the Kamakura period, the Kamakura Shogunate was damaged twice by the Mongolian Impires invaders. Then, Yoshimi Clan who is the president of Noto district, dispatched to there, to strengthen coastal security. Medieval castle built in the late Kamakura period of the Battle of Sekigahara. Sakazaki Clan, who entered the castle , has undergone a major renovation to a modern castle with all stone walls. In addition, the beautiful Tsuwano castle town that remains is maintained by Kamei Clan who entered the castle later. This image ”Sannomaru” seen from the "Hitojichi Yagura . The height of beautiful stone wall is more than 10m and it is built as to protrude south of Honmaru. you can clearly see that it is built on a narrow ridge. It's a worth watching for mountaintop type castle lovers
For strategic reasons, Sakazaki made the Honmaru at the highest point of Mt.Reiki ,built a tower one step down from there, and Kuruwa on the north, west, and south ridges. In addition, Ayabemaru constructed on the farther north . The stone wall is not so high because it is built on the steep terrain on the ridge, but it is majestic that the stairs are connected.
the Honmaru Ruins
A fine stone wall, a staircase that spans the north and south. The lowest seen on the left is Sannomaru. Protruding is the "Hitojichi Yagura Basis". The highest point is Honmaru, to the right is Taikomaru Ruins.
A large vermilion torii gate stands along Route 9 , like a landmark in the town of Tsuwano. It is Made of concrete, height is 18m, pillar diameter is 2m. The size of the hanging frame is about the same size as one room in a single person apartment.

Link : Amazing Castle Town

【north japan】Kanazawa Castle 【east japan】Kawagoe Castle 【west japan】Matsue Castle 【west japan】Hagi Castle 【south japan】Obi Castle 【west japan】Tsuwano Castle

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