Hagi Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Hagi Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kojō ezu(picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Speaking of old castle picture maps, there are two typical example of a castle picture in the Edo period. The one is collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

The another is "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.
The castle town of Hagi Castle

World Heritage Listed in 2015, the castle town that spreads out from the outer moat of the former Hagi Castle, the streets of the town were divided in a grid pattern, and middle and lower grade samurai residences were lined up. The town street remains as it was even now, and retains the image of the past, also a must-visit spot.

Profile : Hagi Castle Ruins

LocationHagi City, Yamaguchi Prefecture
Also known asShiduki Castle
Type of castleHilltop
Mountain's nameMt.Shizuki
DesignationWorld Heritage
National Important Preservation Districts for Groups of Traditional Buildings
National Historic Sites
Year built1604
Castle lordMōri Terumoto
Refurbishment lord
Portrait of Mōri Terumoto from Wikipedia
Family Crest from "Bukan Complete Works" (produced by CODH)
adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection)

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.

Hagi Castle admission

admission fee : 220yen (Adult) 100yen( junior high and elementary students)
admission time :
(April 1-October 31) : am8-pm6.30
(November 1-Febrary 29) : am8.30-pm4.30
(March 1-March31) : am8.30-pm6
closing period : open everyday reference official site

Hagi Castle Google Map

Hagi Castle Images 

Mōri Terumoto , who built Hiroshima Castle and moved his base from Yoshida-Kōriyama Castle, Penalties for the Western Army in the Battle of Sekigahara led to significant restructuring from 1.2 million stones level in the Chūgoku region to 360,000 stones in two Suō Nagato countries. After he surrendered Hiroshima Castle, Hagi Castle was built as a new residence.

Terumoto submitted Hōfu, Yamaguchi, and Hagi to the Shogunate as candidates for the construction of the castle, but Hagi, a small cold village in San'in region, which was far from convenient, was decided by the Shogunate. It is said that the reason that the Shogunate made Hagi a castle was to relocate non-hereditary vassals (tozama daimyō) Mori Clan to a remote area.
Ruins of main keep base

The main keep was built in the form of sticking out to inner moat in southwest corner of Honmaru. Tall stone wall (Takaishigaki) with a fan slope is beautiful. A five level-five story Bōrō type main keep was once built on this base.
Because the castle was in tension with the Tokugawa Shogunate, it was a rare castle built during the Edo period, and was equipped with a so-called "stuffed castle".
"Tsumemaru"was built at the summit of Mt. Shizuki, and Honmaru, Ninomaru and Sannomaru at the foot of the mountain. It is also called "Shizuki Castle" from the name of the mountain. The main part is the foothills where the five-level main keep is enshrined in the Honmaru, but six turrets were also built in the Tsumemaru, and it seems that in the case of emergency, it was meant to escape to there.
57m-long earthen wall

It is restored to the Ninomaru facing Kikugahama. A square crenel is opened to counter attacks from the sea.
Inner moat from main keep base
Main Gate of North side

The north gate (Kōraimon) is one of three main gates to go into Sannomaru from castle town.
Horiuchi area

It was Hagi Castle Sannomaru. The area is lined with clan government offices and senior samurai residences. ”Horiuchi Kagimagari" is a right-angled road, the tall fences on the left and right of the road make the castle town unique defense that prevents the invasion of foreign enemies.
Tea room "Hananoe chatei"

It was relocated to the park in Meiji era. The 13th feudal lord of the Edo period, Mōri Takachika, expanded the lord's annex, Hananoe Goten, and entrusted the tea ceremony with his vassal to discuss the debate.

Link : Amazing Castle Town

【north japan】Kanazawa Castle 【east japan】Kawagoe Castle【south japan】Obi Castle 【west japan】Tsuwano Castle 【west japan】Matsue Castle 【west japan】Hagi Castle


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