Yamanaka Castle : A Study of Japanese Bibliography

This is all about Yamanaka Castle Ruins you want to know.
Every information you get on this site will be from a credible source based on Japanese history (books for reference).

"Kojō ezu (picture in Edo Period)" from 国立国会図書館

Collected by the Inagaki family, the Toba Daimyō from the mid-Edo period to the Meiji Restoration, as materials for military studies. There are about 350 illustrations, but there is no uniformity because only illustrations of castles, illustrations including castle towns, and old battlefield illustrations are mixed.

Another typical example of a castle picture in the Edo period is "The Shōhō Shiroezu", picture of the castle and castle town that the Edo Shogunate ordered the daimyō to create and submit,aggregating military information such as the buildings inside the castle, the height of the stone wall, the width of the moat and the water depth, etc., it also details the location and shape of the castle town and the mountain river.

Profile : Yamanaka Castle Ruins

LocationMishima City, Shizuoka Prefecture
Also known as
Type of castleMountaintop
Mountain's nameUnknown
DesignationNational Historic Sites
Year built1558~1570
Castle lordHōjō Ujiyasu
Refurbishment lordHōjō Ujimasa
Portrait of Hōjō Ujiyasu from Wikipedia
Family Crest of Hōjō Clan from "Bukan Complete Works"
(produced by CODH) adapted from "Classical Japanese National Data Set" (Kokubunken Collection)

The family crest was originally created from the pattern that the emperor and the royal family put on the kimono, and the pattern was made into a fixed pattern, and the one attached to his own oxcart is said to be the beginning of the family crest. The warlords drew large crests on the flag-fingers, used to distinguish enemy views on the battlefield, and used by the generals to determine which warlords were active and how much.

Yamanaka Castle admission

admission fee : free
closing period : new year holidays , every Monday (survenior shop) reference official site

Yamanaka Castle Google Map

Yamanaka Castle Images

Yamanaka Castle was constructed as a defense base for Odawara Castle by Late Hojo clan in the 1560s. However, in 1590, the castle was tragically captured in a half day by overwhelming number of army led by Toyotomi Hideyosi. In late1590s, Toyotomi succeeded in occupying whole Japan. The castle ranked in one of the top 100 castles in Japan for its history and construction method. Yamanaka castle was made only from clay where majority of castles were constructed with stones. Clay castle is a significant feature of Hojo period. Shoji-bori and Une-bori are other example of clay castle.
Double-row type Shōjibori (trench)

The moat is orthogonal, which shape like a rice field ridge Has been installed. The feature of this castle is that an earthen castle without stone walls, and it has enhanced defense ability,skillfully arrange around each Kuruwa.
Single-row type Shōjibori(moat)
Prevent the enemy from moving freely.
With the destruction of Hojo Because this castle was abandoned , It is a highlight that many of the castle structures unique to Hojo remain.
the Ruins of Honmaru
Iris Pond
Mt.Fuji view from Yamanaka Castle Ruins Park

Nowadays, the ruin of Yamanaka castle is popular site for tourists and locals. Since the castle is positioned halfway up Mt. Hakone, the great scenery of Mt. Fuji and Suruga Bay can be viewed from the park.

Link : Japanese major fortress

【central japan】Nanao Castle 【central japan】Ichijōdani Castle 【east japan】 Odawara Castle 【west japan】Kumamoto Castle 【central japan】Yamanaka Castle 


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